This test is a blood test at any time of day when you have severe symptoms of diabetes, says Dr. Slinkin.
Diabetes is diagnosed with blood sugar greater than or equal to 200 mg/dL, says Mr. Denis.
Before people develop type 2 diabetes, they almost always have “pre-diabetes.” – blood sugar levels that are above normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.
Doctors sometimes refer to diabetes as reduced glucose tolerance (IGT) or reduced fast glucose tolerance (IFG), depending on which test was used to detect it. This condition increases the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease,
No obvious symptoms.
There are no obvious symptoms of prediabetes, so maybe you have it and you don’t know it. Some people with pre-diabetes may already have some symptoms of diabetes or even diabetes-related problems. You will usually find out that you have diabetes when you are tested for diabetes FBS.
If you have diabetes, you should be tested for type 2 diabetes every one or two years.
The results indicate that you have diabetes:
- A1C 5.7% TO 6.4%.
- Liquid blood sugar 100 – 125 mg/dL.
- OGTT 2 hours blood sugar FBS 140 mg/dL – 199 mg/dL
Type 2 diabetes prevention
You will not automatically develop type 2 diabetes if you have pre-diabetes. For some people with diabetes, early treatment may actually bring their blood sugar level back to normal.
Studies show that you can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58%:
Loss of 7% body FBS weight (or 15 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds).
Moderate physical activity (such as vigorous walking) 30 minutes a day, five days a week.
Don’t worry if you can’t get to the perfect body weight. Losing even 10 to 15 pounds can make a huge difference, says Dr. Denis.